Indiscriminate Killings of Kurdish civilians known as Kulbar is rising in Iranian Kurdistan

Indiscriminate Killings of Kurdish civilians known as Kulbar is rising in Iranian Kurdistan

Even though the current Islamic Republic administration pledged to change its security approach toward Iranian Kurdistan, the indiscriminate killings of Kurdish Kulbaran (border couriers or tradesmen) has dramatically increased in first half of 2017, as compared to available statistics in previous year (2016). The indiscriminate and blind killing of Kurdish Kulbaran takes place in blatant violation of Iran’s domestic laws and international obligations.

KMMK-G has received reports of indiscriminate and blind killings of 144 border couriers known as Kulbar in the first seven months of 2017. Iranian border security forces killed 47 kulbars, and injured 97 kulbars. Border security forces involved in indiscriminate and blind killings do not respect Iranian domestic laws, which authorize the use of lethal force only as a last resort. Moreover, authorities arrested a significant number of kulbaran in 2017, confiscating their goods. In addition, hundreds of horses belonging to Kurdish Kulbars were also shot dead.

Due to high rates of unemployment, and land contamination caused by landmines and explosive remnants of the Iran-Iraq war that hamper seriously the daily life of civilians particularly the farmers, the nomads, the shepherds and traders, the Kurdish youth and farmers from four Kurdish provinces of Kermanshah, Kurdistan, Ilam and Wermê (West Azerbaijan) engage in smuggling commodities, such as tea, tobacco and fuel to earn a living.

Twenty-two Rights Rights Organizations Urge Iranian Authorities to Address Month-Long Hunger Strike of Kurdish Political Prisoners in Orumiyeh Central Prison

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Rights Groups Urge Iranian Authorities to Address Month-Long Hunger Strike of Kurdish Political Prisoners

Iranian authorities must immediately respond to the health and security concerns of 27 Kurdish political prisoners on a month-long hunger strike in Orumiyeh, said 21 human rights organizations today. These organizations also urged Iranian authorities to immediately investigate and remedy the broader set of rights violations these men have allegedly faced while in detention.

These Kurdish political prisoners, detained in Orumiyeh (Wermê) Central Prison, have been protesting the conditions of their detention since 20 November 2014. The hunger strikers object to the ongoing transfers of political prisoners to wards housing inmates convicted of violent crimes, such as murder, and the simultaneous introduction of such inmates to Ward 12 of the prison, which typically houses only political prisoners. Iranian law requires the overall humane treatment of all prisoners and specifically mandates that political detainees be separated from those convicted of serious common crime.

“The primary duty of law enforcement is to respect the law. Unfortunately, prison officials are either ignoring or misapplying prison regulations,” said Iranian human rights lawyer and Nobel Peace Laureate Shirin Ebadi. “By failing to separate different types of inmates, they have created an increasingly tense environment in which all prisoners, regardless of their alleged offenses, receive harsh and substandard treatment.”

Prison authorities have tried to pressure the men into ceasing their strike by allegedly resorting to threats of execution, beatings, and transfer to remote prisons in the south of the country, far from the Kurdish region in northwest Iran. The prisoners, however, have communicated to rights groups that they will continue their peaceful strike until their demands are met.

Recent reports indicate that as a result of the month-long hunger strike, several prisoners, including Reza Rasouli, Yusef Kaka Mami, Sherko Hasanpour, Sirwan Najawi, Abdullah Omumi and Mohammad Abdollahi, are in critical condition.

Article 39 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran prohibits offenses to the dignity of detained persons. Moreover, Iran’s Prisons Regulations and Regulations on the Methods of Separation and Classification of Prisoners both require the separation of inmates based on their class of crimes.

Despite the new government’s pledges, the number of ethnic minorities and activists facing imprisonment, torture, and even execution continues to rise. According to right groups Iran holds at least 900 political prisoners and prisoners of conscience, including roughly 400 members of the Kurdish community.

Rights groups maintain that the detentions of the 27 men on hunger strike appear to stem from their exercise of fundamental rights, including freedom of expression and freedom of association, or reportedly follow unfair trials. Ten of these prisoners await death sentences for alleged national security offenses.

The situation of Kurdish political prisoners at Orumiyeh Central Prison exemplifies the alarming conditions of prisons throughout Iran. The reported physical abuse and threats to life of these prisoners constitute clear violations of Iran’s national and international commitments, including Article 7 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which prohibits torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.

“These Kurdish political prisoners are trying to tell the world that they are tired of the violation of their rights,” said Taimoor Aliassi, representative of the Association of Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva. “We want them to know they are not forgotten and we demand that Iranian authorities take responsibility for the well-being of these and all political prisoners.”

In response to the ongoing hunger strike in Orumiyeh Prison, the undersigned human rights and civil society organizations urge the Iranian government to:

  1. Immediately and unconditionally separate prisoners convicted of violent crimes from political prisoners in Orumiyeh Central Prison;
  2. Ensure that all prisoners receive any and all medical care they may require;
  3. Protect all prisoners from torture and other ill-treatment;
  4. Investigate the cases of the political prisoners in Orumiyeh Central Prison, overturn death sentences for offenses that do not constitute most serious crimes, and immediately and unconditionally release all individuals held in connection with their peaceful exercise of freedom of expression or association.

 

Names of the prisoners

 

The ten death row prisoners currently on hunger strike: Mr. Sami Hosseini, Mr. Jamal Mohammadi, Mr. Behruz Alakhani, Mr. Ali Ahmad Soleiman, Mr. Saman Nasim, Mr. Sirwan Najawi, Mr. Ebrahim Eis Pour, Mr. Ali Afshari, Mr. Rezgar Afshari, and Mr. Mohammad Abdullahi.

 

The other seventeen prisoners on hunger strike, who are serving prison sentences ranging from six months to 34 years: Mr. Masoud Shams Nejad, Mr. Sherko Hasan Pour, Mr. Abdullah Bislnun, Mr. Yusef Kaka Mami, Mr. Osman Mostafa Pour, Mr. Mostafa Ali Ahmad, Mr. Abdullah Omumi, Mr. Wali Afshari, Mr. Kayhan Darwishi, Mr. Mostafa Dawoudi, Mr. Shursh Afshari, Mr. Khezr Rasul Merwat, Mr. Mohammad Abdullah Bakht, Mr. Amir Molladust, Mr. Ahmad Tamuy, Mr. Jafar Afshari, Mr. Reza Rasouli.

 

Sincerely,

 

Roya Boroumand, Executive Director

Abdorrahman Boroumand Foundation

 

Kamran Ashtary, Executive Director

Arseh Sevom

 

Taimoor Aliassi, UN Representative

Association of Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva (KMMK-G)

 

Karen Parker, President

Association of Humanitarian Lawyers

 

Mansoor Bibak, Co-Director

Balochistan Human Rights Group

 

Dr. Shirin Ebadi, Founder and President

Center for Supporters of Human Rights

 

Raphaël Chenuil-Hazan, Executive Director

Ensemble Contre La Peine de Mort

 

Ibrahim Al Arabi, Executive Director

European Ahwazi Human Rights Organisation

 

Kamal Sido, representative

Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker Deutchland,

 

Keyvan Rafiee, Director

Human Rights Activists in Iran

 

Mani Mostofi, Director

Impact Iran

 

Hadi Ghaemi, Executive Director

International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran

 

Lydia Brazon,            Executive Director

International Educational Development, Inc

 

Jessica Stern, Executive Director

International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission

 

Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam, Executive Director

Iran Human Rights

 

Rod Sanjabi, Executive Director

Iran Human Rights Documentation Center

 

Shadi Sadr, Co-Director

Justice for Iran

 

Mahmood Enayat, Director

Small Media

 

Christoph Wiedmer, Director

Society for Threatened People Switzerland

 

Firuzeh Mahmoudi, Executive Director

United for Iran

 

Mohammad Mostafaei, Director

Universal Tolerance

 

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