Indiscriminate Killings of Kurdish civilians known as Kulbar is rising in Iranian Kurdistan

Indiscriminate Killings of Kurdish civilians known as Kulbar is rising in Iranian Kurdistan

Even though the current Islamic Republic administration pledged to change its security approach toward Iranian Kurdistan, the indiscriminate killings of Kurdish Kulbaran (border couriers or tradesmen) has dramatically increased in first half of 2017, as compared to available statistics in previous year (2016). The indiscriminate and blind killing of Kurdish Kulbaran takes place in blatant violation of Iran’s domestic laws and international obligations.

KMMK-G has received reports of indiscriminate and blind killings of 144 border couriers known as Kulbar in the first seven months of 2017. Iranian border security forces killed 47 kulbars, and injured 97 kulbars. Border security forces involved in indiscriminate and blind killings do not respect Iranian domestic laws, which authorize the use of lethal force only as a last resort. Moreover, authorities arrested a significant number of kulbaran in 2017, confiscating their goods. In addition, hundreds of horses belonging to Kurdish Kulbars were also shot dead.

Due to high rates of unemployment, and land contamination caused by landmines and explosive remnants of the Iran-Iraq war that hamper seriously the daily life of civilians particularly the farmers, the nomads, the shepherds and traders, the Kurdish youth and farmers from four Kurdish provinces of Kermanshah, Kurdistan, Ilam and Wermê (West Azerbaijan) engage in smuggling commodities, such as tea, tobacco and fuel to earn a living.

Halt the Execution of 33 Sunni Muslims

Halt the Execution of 33 Sunni Muslims

We, members of 20 Iran-focused and international human rights organizations, wish to express our deep concern about 33 Kurdish prisoners who have been sentenced to death. We urge the international community and human rights organizations to take immediate action to halt the execution of these men.

Iran’s judiciary should quash death sentences against 33 members of the country’s Kurdish minority and immediately cancel their execution. The Iranian Supreme Court has confirmed the sentences of four men–Hamed Ahmadi, Jahangir Dehghani, Kamal Molai, and Jamshid Dehghani–and they are at imminent risk of execution.

Twenty nine other Kurdish men –Shahram Ahmadi, Behrouz Shahnazari, Kaveh Sharifi, Kaveh Veysi, Taleb Maleki, Arash Sharifi, Mokhtar Rahimi, Idris Nemati, Mohammadyavar Rahimi, Mohammad Gharibi, Pouria Mohammadi, Bahman Rahimi, Alam Barmashti, Farzad Honarjo, Farzad Shahnazari, Keyvan Momenifard, Seyed Shaho Ebrahimi, Seyed Abdol Hadi Hosseini, Sedigh Mohamdi, Seyed Jamal Mousavi, Ahmad Nasiri, Varia Ghaderifard, Farshid Naseri, Teymour Naderizadeh, Borzan Nasrollahzadeh, Abdorahman Sangani, Amjad Salehi, Mohammad Keyvan Karimi and Omid Peyvand– have been sentences to death and are awaiting a review by the Iranian Supreme Court.

There are serious concerns that these men have not been involved in any internationally recognizable criminal offense. All 33 prisoners have been convicted on vague charges related to national security such as “gathering and colluding against national security,” “spreading propaganda against the system,” and “moharebeh” or enmity against God. A number of the men were also charged with the killing of Sheikh al-Islam Burhani A’ali, an imam in the city of Sanandaj. However, there is little evidence that they played any role in the murder. Some of the defendants were even arrested prior to the murder and were in prison at the time.

Furthermore these men were convicted following a grossly flawed process. Article 35 of the Iranian Constitution guarantees the right to counsel, however, the defendants were prevented from hiring an attorney of their choice. Their court-appointed attorneys could not see them in prison and did not have access to their files prior to the trial. Many of the defendants met their attorneys for the first time few minutes before their trial.

Judge Mohammad Moghiseh was the presiding judge in all of 33 cases. Each trial was held behind closed door and lasted between 10 to 30 minutes.

There are also concerns that all 33 men were tortured or otherwise mistreated to make incriminating statements. Many of them have detailed the harsh physical and psychological pressures. In a letter Shahram Ahmadi describes one of these episodes:

“[My] interrogator knew that I had been injured [in previous incidents of mistreatments]. He purposely punched me in my stomach and I began bleeding heavily from my old wounds. I was hospitalized at Sannadaj Hospital under a fake name… later my wounds became infected but they refused to give me medication.”

In many of these cases the only evidence against these men has been the statements they made under torture. Article 38 of the Iranian Constitution prohibits all forms of torture “for the purpose of obtaining confessions.” The Penal Code also provides for the punishment of officials who torture citizens to obtain confessions.

Article 7 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), which has been ratified by Iran, provides that “no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.” Article 14 of ICCPR guarantees that every defendant has a right to “communicate with the counsel of his own choosing” and must be tried by an “independent and impartial tribunal.”

The cases of these men lack legal credibility in light of the numerous violations of their rights.

We, the undersigned, ask the Iranian judiciary for the immediate halt in the executions of these 33 men and overturn of their sentences. They should be granted retrials in proceedings that comply with standards of fair trial without recourse to the death penalty.

The opening speech of Mr. Taimoor Aliassi the UN Representative of the Association for Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva during the panel on the situation of human rights in Iran in UN Human Rights Council parallel session

Distinguished Guests, Dear Participants,

On behalf of the Association for Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva, the International Educational Development and our partners: Ensemble Contre la Peine de Mort (ECPM), Le Mouvement contre le Racisme et Pour l’Amitié entre les Peuples (MRAP), the Impact Iran and the World Coalition Against the Death Penalty, I welcome you to this special event with the participation of our honorable guests Dr. Ahmed Shaheed the UN Special Rapporteur for the situation of HRs in the IRI, Mr. Raphaël Chenuil-Hazan, Executive Director of ECPM, Mr. Gianfranco Fatorrini, the UN Representative of MRAP, Ms. Diane ALAI, UN Representative of the Bahai International Community and Mr. Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam, Spokesperson of Iran Human Rights,
Dear participants, we are here again with Dr. Ahmed Shaheed and our guests because the situation of human rights in Iran is dramatically deteriorating.

Despite signs of openness after the election of President Rohani and the Geneva agreement with the west on its nuclear program, the situation of human rights and ethnic minorities such as Kurds, Baluchis, Arabs, Azeris and Baha’is continue to worry defenders of human rights, the UN and the international community.

Since the election of president Rohani in June 2013, more than 400 prisoners have been executed and most of the political hangings havé taken place in ethnic minority areas. The number of extra-judicial killings of Kurdish border couriers has doubled; there have been 28 incidents in the last three months involving the death of 13 border couriers.

Despite President Rohani’s pledge to promote ethnic rights, by nominating governors of the same ethnic origin as the province, none of the four governors nominated in Kurdistan in December 2013 are of Kurdish origin, and the situation is the same in other minority areas.
Despite presidential electoral campaign promises to promote more cultural rights and education in mother-tongue languages for ethnic groups, this has not materialized and instead more cultural activists have been arrested.

Despite President Rohani’s promise to clear Kurdistan and Khuzstan from 20 million landmines implanted during the 8 year Iran-Iraq war, the new government not only fails to take any concrete measures to clean the contaminated lands but it also does not allow international landmine NGOs such as the International Campaign to Ban Landmines, Geneva Demining Humanitarian Center or Geneva Call into the county to help. To give an example, in the last 2 months alone, 8 explosions of landmines have been reported in Kurdistan which injured 9 children under 12, two of them, Dana and Gashin lost a leg.

Unfortunately, the list of Human rights violations in the Islamic Republic of Iran is very long and this is why we are here yet again this year with the UN Special Rapporteur Dr. Shaheed who is dealing very courageously with one of the most complicated and defying system in the world to discuss these challenges.

But before giving the floor to our guests and to my colleague Dr. Karen Parker who has been promoting HR around the whole world for more than 3 decades to chair this panel, may I kindly ask you to switch of your mobile phones. At the end of the presentations, we will make sure that you have a chance to ask questions to our guests.

Thank you very much for your attention.

Karen the floor is yours

سێیەمین ساڵڕۆژێ شەهیدان مامۆستا فەرزاد کەمانگەر، فەرهاد وەکیلی، شیرین عەلەم هولی، عەلی حەیدرەیان و مهدی “ئیسلامیان”

 

سێیەمین ساڵڕۆژێ شەهیدان مامۆستا فەرزاد کەمانگەر، فەرهاد وەکیلی،  شیرین عەلەم هولی، عەلی حەیدرەیان و

 مهدی “ئیسلامیان”

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سێ ساڵ بەر لە ئێستا لە١ی  مەی کۆماری ئیسلامی ئێران پێنج تێکۆ شەری سیاسی و مەدەنی کوردستان، مامۆستا فەرزاد کەمانگەر، فەرهاد وەکیلی. شیرین عەلەم هولی، عەلی حەیدرەیان و مهدی “ئیسلامیان”ی  لە سێدارە دا و، دایکانی کوردستانی رەشپۆش و دڵی گەلی کوردی بریندار کرد. ئازاری برینی مەرگی ئەو پێنچ تێکۆشەرە ئەگەرچی بۆ بنەماڵەکانیان و گەلی کوردیش زۆر قووڵ و بە سۆ بوو، بەڵام شەپۆلێک ناڕەزایەتی ناوخۆیی و نێونەتەوەیی دژی رێژیمی ئیسلامی بەڕێ خست. ئەگەرچی ئەم ناڕەزایەتییانە نەیتوانی پێش بە شەپۆلی ئێعدامەکان بگرێ و بە دەیان و سەدان تێکۆشەری کورد و نەتەوەکانی دیکەش بە دوای ئەواندا بوونە قوربانی سیاسەتە دژە مرۆڤایەتییەکانی کۆماری ئیسلامی، بەڵام توانی روخساری راستەقینەی کۆماری ئیسلامی بۆ ئەوانەی هێشتا باوەڕیان بە چاکسازی ئەو رێژیمە هەبووە دەر بخات.

فەرزاد کەمانگەر و هاوڕێیانی نە یەکەمین و نە دوایین شەهیدەکانی کوردستانن. رێژیمی کۆماری ئیسلامی دەیەوێ بە گرتن و راونان و ترساندن و تۆقاندن دەنگی مافخوازانەی کورد و گەلانی دیکەی ئێران کپ بکاتەوە. ئێمە لامان وایە، کێشە سیاسی و کۆمەڵایەتی و ئابوورییەکانی  کۆمەڵگای ئێران بە بوختان هەڵبەستن و، راونان و گرتن و بەندکردن و ئێعدامی تێکۆشەرانی گەلانی ئێران چارەسەر نابێ و، کۆماری ئیسلامی هەرچی زیاتر لەم ئامرازانە بۆ سەرکوت و بێدەنگ کردنی داخوازە رەواکانی گەلان کەڵک وەربگرێ، هەر بەو ئەندازەیەش رق و تووڕەیی کۆمەڵانی خەڵک دژی خۆی هان دەدا و، دوژمنایەتی نێوان خۆی و گەلان قووڵتر و پێکەوە ژیان دژوارتر دەکات. تەنیا چارەسەری کێشە سیاسی و کۆمەڵایەتی و ئابوورییەکان بە دان پێدانان و دابین کردنی مافەکانی گەلان و تاکی کۆمەڵگا چارەسەر دەکرێ و کۆتاییان پێ دێ.

کۆمەڵەی مافی مرۆڤی کوردستانی ئێران-_-ژنێڤ لە سێیەمین ساڵڕۆژی گیانبەخت کردووان، مامۆستا فەرزاد کەمانگەر، فەرهاد وەکیلی، شیرین عەلەم هولی، عەلی حەیدەریان و مهدی ئیسلامیان، سەرەڕای هاودەدری لەگەڵ بنەماڵەکانیان و یادکردنەوەی ئەو شەهیدانە، بۆ بەرگری لە مافی مرۆڤ و بەرگری لە بەندییە سیاسییەکان و ئازادییە بنەڕەتییەکانی تاک، لە بواری نێونەتەوەییدا هەوڵەکانی خۆی چڕتر دەکاتەوە، هەموو ئیمکاناتی خۆی دەخاتە گەڕ بۆ فشارهێنان بۆ کۆماری ئیسلامی و راوەستاندی ئێعدامەکان لە ئێران.

کۆمەڵەی مافی مرۆڤی کوردستانی ئێران -ژنێڤ

ژنێڤ١.٥.٢٠١٤ زایینی

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