Indiscriminate Killings of Kurdish civilians known as Kulbar is rising in Iranian Kurdistan

Indiscriminate Killings of Kurdish civilians known as Kulbar is rising in Iranian Kurdistan

Even though the current Islamic Republic administration pledged to change its security approach toward Iranian Kurdistan, the indiscriminate killings of Kurdish Kulbaran (border couriers or tradesmen) has dramatically increased in first half of 2017, as compared to available statistics in previous year (2016). The indiscriminate and blind killing of Kurdish Kulbaran takes place in blatant violation of Iran’s domestic laws and international obligations.

KMMK-G has received reports of indiscriminate and blind killings of 144 border couriers known as Kulbar in the first seven months of 2017. Iranian border security forces killed 47 kulbars, and injured 97 kulbars. Border security forces involved in indiscriminate and blind killings do not respect Iranian domestic laws, which authorize the use of lethal force only as a last resort. Moreover, authorities arrested a significant number of kulbaran in 2017, confiscating their goods. In addition, hundreds of horses belonging to Kurdish Kulbars were also shot dead.

Due to high rates of unemployment, and land contamination caused by landmines and explosive remnants of the Iran-Iraq war that hamper seriously the daily life of civilians particularly the farmers, the nomads, the shepherds and traders, the Kurdish youth and farmers from four Kurdish provinces of Kermanshah, Kurdistan, Ilam and Wermê (West Azerbaijan) engage in smuggling commodities, such as tea, tobacco and fuel to earn a living.

Joint letter to UN General Assembly regarding Iran


      Joint letter to UN General Assembly regarding Iran

    photo (2)

To: Member States of the UN General Assembly

Your Excellency:

We, the undersigned human rights and civil society organizations, write to urge your government to vote in favor of resolution A/C.3/68/L.57 on the promotion and protection of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran during the 68th session of the United Nations General Assembly, scheduled to take place thisTuesday, 19 November2013.

This year provides a crucial opportunity to highlight ongoing human rights concerns identified by the international community and Iranian civil society.The new administration of President Hassan Rouhani has pledged to tackle a range of human rights issues in Iran, by eliminating discrimination against women and ethnic and religious minorities, and ensuring respect for the right to freedom of expression, among other measures. Despite these welcome signals, human rights abuses are deeply rooted in Iran’s laws and policies, many of which pose a serious barrier to the executive branch’s ability to push through much needed rights reforms. As a result, the human rights situation in Iran continues to be marked by routine violations of civil and political rights as well as economic, social, and cultural rights.

On 23 October 2013, the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Iran, Dr. Ahmed Shaheed, reported a “deepening human rights crisis” in the country and detailed violations of the rights to life, education, health, the right to freedom of expression, association, assembly, religion and belief, as well as the rights to freedom from torture and discrimination based on gender and ethnicity. Despite its 2005 standing invitation to the United Nations’ Special Procedures, Iran remains reticent to accept their repeated requests to visit the countryand has systematically worked to undermine the efforts of civil society in the country to promote and protect international human rights standards.

The continued attention of the international communityis required if the Islamic Republic of Iran is to turn a page on this pattern of abuse and noncooperation. Member states must continue to express their concern over these abuses to give both civil society and the new Iranian government the support it requires to advance and protect the rights of Iran’s population. By doing so, states will encourage the prioritization of human rights with a view to reform Iran’s laws and practices as pledged by President Hassan Rouhani.

The Special Rapporteur continues to express grave concerns for the many activists, journalists, human rights defenders, women’s rights activists, students, and members of ethnic and religious minoritieswho languish in ongoing arbitrary detention, and are at risk of torture or other ill-treatment, including sexual abuse, and even death for exercising their rights.

The deplorable human rights situation in the country is demonstrated by the hundreds of executions in 2013 and, in particular, in the past few months. On 25 October 2013, authorities executedHabibollahGolparipour and Reza Esmaili, political prisoners from Iran’s Kurdish minority on national security charges after a Revolutionary Court sentenced them to death following summary proceedings which fell far short of international standards on fair trials. On 26 October, another 16 individuals, from Iran’s Baluchi minority, were executed. According to the Justice Chief of Iran’s Sistan-Baluchestan province, the executions were carried out in “retaliation” for a border attack by a Sunni armed group that had reportedly killed 14 border guards in the city of Saravan in the same province, near the border with Pakistan. On 4 November, officials executed another Kurdish prisoner, SherkoMoarefi, whom a Revolutionary Court sentenced to death following an unfair trial.Officially, at the time of writing,327 executions have been acknowledged by Iranian authorities for 2013 but reliable sources have reported at least 261 additional executions during the year. At least 165 of these executions, including 76 acknowledged and 99 reported cases, have taken place since President Rouhani’s electoral victory in June.

Despite the promises made by President Rouhani during his electoral campaign regarding freedom of the press, journalists continue to face arrest and detention solely for exercising their right to freedom of expression. On 28 October 2013, authorities banned the reformist newspaper Bahar after it published an article deemed “distortive of the history of Islam” by the Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance. Security forces arrestedAli AsgharGharavi, the writer of the article, on 11 November 2013 in the city of Esfahan.

Also of concern to the Rapporteur and human rights organizations is the systematic discrimination against women in law and practice. In the past few years, the authorities have increasingly adopted discriminatory policies aimed at restricting women’s access to higher education, including by implementing a gender quota system that banned women from enrolling in 77 subjects at 36 universities in the 2012-2013 academic year. The policies remain in place in the 2013-2014 academic year, although they appear to have been implemented to a lesser extent.

This resolution on the promotion and protection of human rights in Iran of the 68th UNGA is an important and timely mechanism. The resolution welcomes recent positive statements by Iranian officials, while effectively detailing the broad range of violations committed by the authorities. It strongly urges the government to implement the recommendations it accepted in 2010 during its Universal Period Review by the UN Human Rights Council, and to cooperate with all UN Special Procedures, including the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Substantive cooperation with UN mechanisms and tangible rights improvements inline with Iran’s international legal obligations are the real measures of progress. By voting in favor of this resolution on19November, the UN General Assembly will send a strong signal to the government and all Iranians that the world is invested in lasting human rights changes in their country.


José Luis Díaz, Head of Office and Representative at the United Nations

Amnesty International

Kamran Ashtary, Executive Director


Thomas Hughes, Executive Director


TaimoorAliassi, UN Representative

Association for Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva (KMMK-G)


AlirzaQuluncu, Representative

Association for Defence of Azerbaijani Political Prisoners in Iran


Mohammad Arbabi, Co-Director

Balochistan Human Rights Group


RoyaBoroumand, Executive Director

Boroumand Foundation


Jeremie Smith, Director Geneva Office

Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies

Renate Bloem, Main Representative Geneva

CIVICUS World Alliance for Citizen Participation


Steering Committee

Committee of Human Rights Reporters


Joel Simon, Executive Director

Committee to Protect Journalists


Dr. ShirinEbadi, Founder and President

Center for Supporters of Human Rights


Ibrahim Al Arabi, Executive Director

European Ahwazi Human Rights Organisation

Keith Best, Chief Executive

Freedom From Torture

Sarah Leah Whitson, Director of the Middle East and North Africa Division

Human Rights Watch


MahmoodAmiry-Moghaddam, Executive Director

Iran Human Rights


Gissou Nia, Executive Director

Iran Human Rights Documentation Center


SaghiGhahraman, President

Iranian Queer Organization (IRQO)

HadiGhaemi, Executive Director

International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran


Philip Lynch, Director

International Service for Human Rights

Jessica Stern, Executive Director

International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission

Shadi Sadr, Co-Director

Justice for Iran


MahmoodEnayat, Director

Small Media


Hassan NayebHashem, Representative to the Human Rights Council in Geneva

Südwind: All Human Rights for All in Iran

FiruzehMahmoudi, Executive Director

United for Iran

(کوردی) نامەیەکی هاوبەش بۆ کۆمەلەی گشتی ڕێکخراوی نەتەوەیەکگرتووەکان لە سەر ئێران

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(Français) The Association of Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva condemns the execution of Kurdish Political Prisoner Sherko Moarefi by the Islamic Republic of Iran

The Association of Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva condemns the execution of Kurdish Political Prisoner Sherko Moarefi by the Islamic Republic of Iran

Press Release

Geneva/Switzerland, November 4th 2013. The Islamic Republic of Iran executed Kurdish political prisoner Sherko Moarefi at 09:00 this morning, November 4, in the central prison of Saghez in Kurdistan of Iran.

Sherko Moarefi, born in 1985, was arrested in his hometown of Baneh in October 2008 on charges of “enmity against God” and being a member of Kurdish opposition party.

With the execution of Moarefi today, the number of Kurdish prisoners executions reach twelve among  thirty seven prisoners been executed by the Islamic Republic of Iran during the last six days. This figure is provided by the Kurdistan Press Agency.

Six other Kurdish prisoners particularly Mr. Zaniar Moradi and Loghman Moradi, on death row, are at imminent risk of being executed after the execution of Moarefi today.

Despite the new government promises and words to please international community on nuclear issue, the wave of executions continue and concerns mostly the members of ethnic nationalities such as Kurds, balochis, Ahwazi-Arabs and Azeri.

The Association for Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva calls upon the UN Special Rapporteur for the situation of Human Rights in Iran to denounce the latest Kurdish prisoners executions in a communiqué.

The Association of Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva calls also upon the group 5+1 to break the silence on Iran’s executions and to include the Human Rights violations as part of Iran’s nuclear negotiation.

The Association of Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva

E-mail: [email protected]



The Association for Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva (KMMK-G) condemns the arrest of Kurdish protestors of Yarasan faith before the Iranian Parliament

The Association for Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva (KMMK-G) condemns the arrest of Kurdish protestors of Yarasan faith before the Iranian Parliament

Geneva, Switzerland – Sunday 20th of October 2013, a group of Kurdish citizens of Yarasan faith has manifested before the Parliament of the Islamic Republic of Iran in order to protest to some of authorities’ officials public insulting to Yarsan faith. According to the information that we received from Kurdistan Press Agency, thirty five protestors were arrested by the Iranian Security services and were taken to the famous Evin prison.

The names of 26 of the 35 detainees:

1)      Mr. Fareed Sulaimany

2)      Ms. Humaira Taheri

3)      Mr. Massoud Almassi

4)      Mr. Amin Abassi

5)      Mr. Faraidoon Siwassi

6)      Mr. Afshar Khaleqi

7)      Mr. Arman Alion

8)      Mr. Hamdullah Mahmoudi

9)      Mr. Quderat Taheri

10)  Mr. Ruhallah Taheri

11)  Mr. Khalil Qazweena

12)  Mr. Saeed Amir Bibak

13)  Mr. Kheirullah Haqjuyan

14)  Mr. fareed Taheri

15)  Mr. Noshad taheri

16)  Mr. Mehrab Israfeeli

17)  Mr. Ibrahim Buzlah

18)  Mr. Farsheed Nadeemi

19)  Mr. Dawood Azizi

20)  Mr. Saeed Awsan Afzalee

21)  Mr. Ahsan Naderi

22)  Mr. Yahman Saburee

23)  Mr. Dawood Azizi

24)  Mr. Saieed Mehrdad Mashashee

25)  Mr. Behzad Taherian

26)  Mr. Abass Faqiree

Among the detainees are found Mr. Ruhallah Taheri and Mr. Ruhallah Taheri who are the brothers of Mr. Nimkard Taheri who ended his life by putting him-self on fire to protest the government officials’ insult to Yarasani faith on March 2013 before the Kermanshah governorate in Kurdistan of Iran.

The detention of Kurdish Yarasani faith protestors for religious affiliation runs counter to articles 13, 14, and 26 of Iranian’s Constitution, which protect the rights of minority religions. It also constitutes an evident violation of Iran’s obligations under the International Covenant, in particular to respect freedom of religion and belief and freedom of expression and association.

According to article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the CPR committee’s general comments, “the freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief necessarily entails the freedom to choose a religion or belief, including the right to replace one’s current religion or belief with another or to adopt atheistic views, as well as the right to retain one’s religion or belief“.
We believe that the detention of Yarasani faith followers is undue and demand their urgent release.

We call upon the UN Special Rapporteur to urge the Rouhani government to release the Kurdish protestors.

Association for Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva (KMMK-G)

KMMK-G welcomes UN Special Rapporteur Dr Ahmed Shaheed’s human rights report on Iran and urges President Rouhani to allow his visit


KMMK-G welcomes UN Special Rapporteur Dr Ahmed Shaheed’s human rights report on Iran and urges President Rouhani to allow his visit


Geneva, Switzerland – 24 October 2013 The Association for Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva (KMMK-G) welcomes the UN Special Rapporteur Dr. Ahmed Shaheed’s report on the human rights situation in the Islamic Republic of Iran that was presented to the UN General Assembly’s 3rd Committee in New York.

The report covers the main concerns of Iranians, particularly those belonging to the Kurdish, Baluchi, Azeri, Ahwazi-Arab, Baha’i, Yarasan ethnic and religious minorities, who are the most discriminated groups in Iran.

It also raises for the first time the devastating impact of landmines in Kurdish provinces that result in daily casualties among Kurdish civilians. The explosion of a landmine on seven children last week in a village in Mariwan in Kurdistan of Iran only reinforces the urgent need to address this issue.

The KMMK-G UN Representative Mr Taimoor Aliassi said that the Islamic Republic of Iran’s allegations regarding Dr. Shaheed’s report are unfounded and called on the new Iranian government to cooperate with the UN Special rapporteur by facilitating his visit to the country.

The full text of the Special Rapporteur’s report and the Islamic Republic of Iran’s response could be found at:



About the Association for Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva (KMMK-G)


The Association for Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva (KMMK-G) aims to promote democracy, respect for human rights and social development in and beyond Kurdistan of Iran. To that purpose, the Association commits itself to struggle against any form of discrimination towards ethnic and religious minorities within the region, defend political prisoners, fight for the abolition of death penalty, and promote women’s and children’s rights.  In addition, the KMMK-G intends to increase public awareness of the situation of human rights in all Kurdish regions and to promote the rights and the integration of the Kurds wherever they live.



Mr Taimoor Aliassi

Email: [email protected]



(کوردی) که‌مپه‌ینی کاتی دیالۆگ له‌ سه‌ر پرسی وزه‌ی ناوه‌کیی هاتووه‌

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