Indiscriminate Killings of Kurdish civilians known as Kulbar is rising in Iranian Kurdistan

Indiscriminate Killings of Kurdish civilians known as Kulbar is rising in Iranian Kurdistan

Even though the current Islamic Republic administration pledged to change its security approach toward Iranian Kurdistan, the indiscriminate killings of Kurdish Kulbaran (border couriers or tradesmen) has dramatically increased in first half of 2017, as compared to available statistics in previous year (2016). The indiscriminate and blind killing of Kurdish Kulbaran takes place in blatant violation of Iran’s domestic laws and international obligations.

KMMK-G has received reports of indiscriminate and blind killings of 144 border couriers known as Kulbar in the first seven months of 2017. Iranian border security forces killed 47 kulbars, and injured 97 kulbars. Border security forces involved in indiscriminate and blind killings do not respect Iranian domestic laws, which authorize the use of lethal force only as a last resort. Moreover, authorities arrested a significant number of kulbaran in 2017, confiscating their goods. In addition, hundreds of horses belonging to Kurdish Kulbars were also shot dead.

Due to high rates of unemployment, and land contamination caused by landmines and explosive remnants of the Iran-Iraq war that hamper seriously the daily life of civilians particularly the farmers, the nomads, the shepherds and traders, the Kurdish youth and farmers from four Kurdish provinces of Kermanshah, Kurdistan, Ilam and Wermê (West Azerbaijan) engage in smuggling commodities, such as tea, tobacco and fuel to earn a living.

Taimoor Aliassi interviewed by the Voice of America Radio on the Death Penalty in Iran

Taimoor Aliassi interviewed by the Voice of America Radio on the Death Penalty in Iran, the link:

http://www.voanews.com/kurdish/news/taimoor_11mar12-142253175.html

The Written Statement of the Association of Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva (KMMK-G) on

A/HRC/19/NGO/40

The Written & Oral Statement of the Association of Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva (KMMK-G) on

The Death Penalty in the Islamic Republic of Iran

To 19th Session of Council of Human Rights

 

The Association of Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva (KMMK-G) bring to the attention of the Council the fact that Iranian authorities carried out more than 600 executions in 2011 and imprisoned more journalists and bloggers than any other country. There have already been 43 executions between 1 and 15 January 2012. The number executed is most likely considerably higher, as there are many secrets detention centers and many executions carried out secretly.  More over, the Iranian authorities prosecuted dozens of outspoken lawyers, journalists, and rights activists for their peaceful speech and associational activities. We fear that many of them face execution. Iran’s judiciary works hand-in-hand with security and intelligence forces to harass, imprison[1] and convict opposition and rights activists, despite increasing international condemnation of the country’s rights record. In our view, Iran simply does not care about condemnation of their government for their human rights violations as they consider they have strong allies.

Juvenile execution, stoning sentence practices, raping before execution of virgin girls, collective execution in the  public sphere are the daily practices of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The use of death penalty against political opponents is meant to terrorize the peaceful activists who seek full political freedoms and, in particular, to pursue free and democratic elections, freedom for political prisoners, and freedom of the press speech, assembly and association. The current government plans to keep control of political power no matter what it takes to do so.

Use of the death penalty is high in the areas with ethnic or religious minorities. For example, according to the Kurdistan Human Rights Organization[2] as many as 80 % of executions in Iran are of Kurdish activists. Many of Kurdish prisoners are human rights, civil rights or women’s rights activists and they include teachers, journalists, and students. Most of them have been subjected to severe physical and psychological torture and  have been sentenced to lengthy prison terms. The trials of individuals belonging to ethnic minorities in Iran take place behind closed doors, without a defence lawyer and on numerous occasions without the presence of the accused.

Iranian law allows capital punishment for people who have reached puberty, defined as age 9 for girls and 15 for boys. We are also extremely concerned by the reported executions of at least a dozen of children under 18 which constitute a clear violation of international law.

Kurdish and minority women activists are routinely raped before execution, especially if young and a virgin. Rapes are carried out by the “Pasdaran” forces (the revolutionary guards). According to their beliefs, a virgin girl goes to paradise when she dies while a non virgin executed for crimes goes to hell.

We are pleased at the appointment of Special Rapporteur Dr Ahmed Shaheed and his efforts to obtain the co-operation of the Iranian authorities as he carries out his mandate.[3] Unfortunately, the Iranian authorities indicate that they will not allow him to visit the country. We urge that they comply with the Rapporteurs request to visit, as complying with United Nations mandates is a condition of Memenrship in the United Nations. Special Rapporteur Shaheed is consulting all stakeholders, and we look forward to working with him. We especially reuest him to address, on an urgency basis, the use of the death penalty in Iran. Finally, we urge the council to call for a moratorium on the death penalty in Iran and to condemn Iranian for serious abuse of the death penalty due to execution of juveniles, execution of political prisoners and prisoners of conscience, use the death penalty as a tool of repression against members of nationalities and religious groups, and the rape of women and girls before they are executed.

 


[1] http://www.hrw.org/middle-eastn-africa/iran

[2] www.kaboudwand.com

[3]UN Press release, Aug. 3, 2011.

(کوردی) کونفـڕانسێک له‌ژێر ناوی “سزای لە سێدارەدان لە ئێران” لە بارەگای نەتەوەیەکگرتووەکان لە ژنێڤ به‌ڕێوه‌چوو

Sorry, this entry is only available in Central Kurdish.

(فارسی) برگزاری کنفرانس مجازات اعدام توسط رژیم ایران در مقر سازمان ملل در ژنو

Sorry, this entry is only available in Persian.

© Association pour les Droits Humains au Kurdistan d'Iran-Genève (KMMK-G) - Admin -