Indiscriminate Killings of Kurdish civilians known as Kulbar is rising in Iranian Kurdistan

Indiscriminate Killings of Kurdish civilians known as Kulbar is rising in Iranian Kurdistan

Even though the current Islamic Republic administration pledged to change its security approach toward Iranian Kurdistan, the indiscriminate killings of Kurdish Kulbaran (border couriers or tradesmen) has dramatically increased in first half of 2017, as compared to available statistics in previous year (2016). The indiscriminate and blind killing of Kurdish Kulbaran takes place in blatant violation of Iran’s domestic laws and international obligations.

KMMK-G has received reports of indiscriminate and blind killings of 144 border couriers known as Kulbar in the first seven months of 2017. Iranian border security forces killed 47 kulbars, and injured 97 kulbars. Border security forces involved in indiscriminate and blind killings do not respect Iranian domestic laws, which authorize the use of lethal force only as a last resort. Moreover, authorities arrested a significant number of kulbaran in 2017, confiscating their goods. In addition, hundreds of horses belonging to Kurdish Kulbars were also shot dead.

Due to high rates of unemployment, and land contamination caused by landmines and explosive remnants of the Iran-Iraq war that hamper seriously the daily life of civilians particularly the farmers, the nomads, the shepherds and traders, the Kurdish youth and farmers from four Kurdish provinces of Kermanshah, Kurdistan, Ilam and Wermê (West Azerbaijan) engage in smuggling commodities, such as tea, tobacco and fuel to earn a living.

Stop the execution of Mr. Latifi a kurdish law student by the Iranian authorities

 

Stop the execution of Kurdish young law student Mr. Habibollah Latifi, scheduled for 26 December 10

 

 The Association of Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran – Geneva urges the United Nations and international community to save  Mr. Latifi from execution. The Iranian authorities have chosen expressly the Christmas period to execute the Kurdish law student.  Mr. Latifi a law student at Azad University in the south western province of Ilam, is scheduled to be executed on 26 December. He was sentenced to death following an unfair trial in 2007 for  “enmity against God”, a sentence usually given to the Kurdish activists for their link to Kurdish political groups.  According to his lawyer, Mr. Latifi was transferred to solitary confinement on 16 January 2010, a current practice before the execution, prompting fears that he was to be executed. 

Mr. Latifi is one of hundreds of Kurdish human rights activists subjected to severe physical and psychological torture; many of them have been sentenced to lengthy prison terms. The trials of these individuals have taken place behind closed doors, without a defence lawyer and on numerous occasions without the presence of the accused himself/herself.

Currently 27 Kurdish political prisoners are on death row, here are the names of some of these individuals including:  Moarefi Shirko, Rostam Arika, Fasih Yasamini, Zeineb Jalalian, Shouresh Mehdi Khani, Ramazan Ahmadi, Farhad Chalesh.

The Association for Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva, demand UN High Commissionaire for Human Rights to take following urgent measures:

  • To urge Iranian authorities to halt the imminent execution of Mr. Latifi scheduled ofr 26 December
  • To send an independent human rights commission to visit and monitor the condition and treatment of political prisoners in Kurdistan of Iran;
  • To press the Iranian authorities to cancel the sentences given to Kurdish political and civil activists;
  • To press Iranian authorities to put an end to psychological and physical torture of the prisoners;
  • To demand the Iranian authorities to permit  the prisoners to chose their legal representation / defence lawyer;
  • To permit the prisoners to exercise their rights to have the visits of their family;

The Association of Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran – Geneva

KMMK-G written statement to the 3rd Forum on Minority Issues, Geneva

Sorry, this entry is only available in French.

(کوردی) سمینارێک له‌ سه‌ر پرسی کورد له‌ پارله‌مانی سویس

Sorry, this entry is only available in Central Kurdish.

(کوردی) به‌شداری کۆمه‌ڵه‌ی مافی مرۆڤی کوردستانی ئێران_ژنێڤ له‌ سێهه‌مین کونفرانسی یو-ئێن له‌ سه‌ر مافی مرۆڤ و که‌مایه‌تییه‌کان

Sorry, this entry is only available in French.

KMMK-G Written Statement to 3rd UN Forum on Minority Issues

 Written & Oral statement of Association of Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran – Geneva (KMMK-G) on the Effective Participation in Economic Life for the Kurds of Iran to the 3rd Forum on Minority Issues, Geneva, 14-15 December 2010

The Association for Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran-Geneva would like to draw your attention on the economic discriminations facing the Kurdish People in Iran.

While Iranian Kurdistan is, in terms of natural resources such as oil, agriculture, and minerals, one of the richest regions of Iran, this area is one of the most discriminated and impoverished of the country.

Since its creation, the Islamic Republic of Iran carries out a policy of « dekurdistanisation». Young Kurds are obliged to leave Kurdistan with their families because there is no work. The authorities do not invest in developing enterprises or infrastructures. All the mineral and oil resources are extracted in Kurdistan, but exploited in the other Persian provinces. Furthermore, the archaeological discoveries are usually taken out of the area, impeding its cultural and economical development.

Moreover, Gozinesh, is a practice used to marginalizing Kurds by expressly denying them employment in the State sector, as well as in parts of the Private sector. Such process legally impairs equality of opportunity and treatment for all the Kurds who seek jobs in the Public sector, and to a minor extent in the Private one. Any State jobs, whether a teacher, a policeman, a shopkeeper or a parliamentary candidate is selected accordingly. It should be emphasized that the State is by far the main employer in Iran.

State Universities are equally using discriminatory conditions to limit the admission of Kurdish students. This obviously implies a negative impact on their participation in the economic life.

The Iranian Kurdistan also suffered badly from the eight years of the Iran-Iraq War and became one of the most mined fields in the Middle East. Nevertheless, the Authorities have neglected it in their de-mining programs, which seriously hamper the development of agriculture and industry.

Another challenge facing the Kurds in Iran is the use of their own language in the economic life. Under the article 15 of the Iranian Constitution, the official language is Persian. The same article stipulates that the use of regional and tribal languages is allowed in addition to Persian, in the press and mass media, as well as in schools. However, the mention of regional languages is only a façade, since the Kurdish language is not taught in schools, the Kurdish newspapers are regularly closed down and the journalists arrested.

In conclusion, the economical discriminations facing the Kurds in Iran call for urgent measures, such as extensive de-mining programs, effective use of the Kurdish language in the Public life and reforming the laws restricting the participation of minorities in the Economic life. It is clear that discriminations against the Kurds and other minorities will not be improved without consideration of the international community. We therefore urge the United Nations and this Forum to address the situation and take effective measures in protecting the human rights of the Kurdish People and all minorities in Iran.

(کوردی) کارلۆ سووماروگا: پرۆسه‌که‌م وه‌کوو دادگایی کردنی گه‌لی کورد بینی

Sorry, this entry is only available in Central Kurdish.

(فارسی) شرکت انجمن حقوق بشر کردستان ایران ـ ژنو در سومین کنفرانس بین‌المللی حقوق و بشر و اقلیت‌ها

Sorry, this entry is only available in Persian.

Nomination of Mr. Mohammad Sadiq KABUDVAND to the Martin Ennals Award 2011

Nomination of Mr. Mohammad Sadiq KABUDVAND to the Martin Ennals Award 2011

We are pleased to inform you that the Association for Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran – Geneva (KMMK-G) submitted today the application of Mr. Mohammad Sadiq Kabudvand to the Martin Ennals Award 2011.

Eminent journalist and human rights defender, Mohammad Sadiq KABUDVAND founded in 2005 the Human Rights Organization of Kurdistan (Rêxistina Mafê Mirovan li Kurdistanê in Kurdish, RMMK or HROK). With offices in Tehran and in Kurdistan, the HROK has a membership of between 100 and 200 journalists and activists.[1] The organization aims to encourage and to teach respect for human rights in Kurdistan, and to develop friendly relations between all the peoples of Iran based on equality before the law. Since its creation, the HROK has striven for recognition and official registration as a non-governmental organization. However, the Iranian authorities have always rejected this request.[2]

In addition, Mr. KABUDVAND is the editor and executive director of the weekly magazine Payame Mardome Kurdistan (Kurdistan People’s Message). Published in Farsi and in Kurdish, the publication was banned on June 27, 2004 after its thirteenth issue, for “disseminating separatist ideas and publishing false reports”.[3]

On July 1, 2007, Mr. KABUDVAND was arrested in his office in Tehran and incarcerated in Section 209 of the Evin prison, infamous for the detention of Iranian political prisoners.[4] On 22 June 2008, the Tehran Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal sentenced him to eleven years in prison for “acting against national security” by creating the Human Rights Organization of Kurdistan and “propaganda against the system”.[5] The Tehran Court of Appeal confirmed the sentence in October 2008.[6] His conditions of detention are extremely difficult.[7] Mr. KABUDVAND is not allowed to have any contact with his lawyer, Mrs. Sirin EBADI, Nobel Peace Prize laureate. Furthermore, he is suffering from heart problems.[8] On May 19, 2008, he fainted in his cell and remained unconscious during thirty minutes. Then, on 17 December, 2008, he had a heart attack.[9] However, the penitentiary authorities refuse him access to appropriate medical care.[10]

Mr. KABUDVAND is a prisoner of conscience held only for having peacefully exercised his rights to freedom of expression and association. He is the first person who dared to create a publication mentioning the name “Kurdistan” and an organization dedicated to the defence of human rights in Iranian Kurdistan. Mr. KABUDVAND is paying a heavy price for his commitment. His experience shows the desperate situation currently endured by journalists, human rights defenders and other dissident voices in Iran.

Association for Human Rights in Kurdistan of Iran – Geneva (KMMK-G)

November 2010

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